I am interested in developmental and gender issues in depression, helplessness, self-esteem, achievement, and coping strategies. Recently, I have become interested in personality differences that appear to be responsible for systematic variations in the ways that individuals react to social feedback.
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Nolen-Hoeksema, S. and Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424-443.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. and Girgus, J.S. (1994) Achievement, depression, and gender differences in children and adolescents. In Explanatory Style. Buchanan, G. and Seligman, M.E.P. (eds.). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Publishing Co.
Girgus, J. S. and Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1995, August). How do learned helplessness and depression affect academic achievement? Paper presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Association.