"Developing Inhibitory Control in the Wild: The Importance of Context"
The development of inhibitory control over thoughts, actions, and emotions is essential in life. Decades of research have illuminated the cognitive and neural processes that support both the remarkable limitations that children show in inhibitory control, and their subsequent improvements. However, targeted intervention efforts based on such findings have shown limited success. I will present an alternative framework that emphasizes the temporal and social context in which inhibitory control emerges. This framework integrates multiple lines of research and provides a novel perspective on why children struggle with inhibitory control, why childhood inhibitory control predicts important life outcomes, and how to effectively intervene.